e. Nor were thankful: Man’s simple ingratitude against God is shocking. The Gospel had been promised by all the prophecies which foretold a new covenant, — by those which predicted the coming of the Messiah, — by all the observances, under the law, that contained in themselves the promise of the things they prefigured, — by the whole of the legal economy, that preceded the Gospel, in which was displayed the strictness of Divine justice, which in itself would have been a ministration only of condemnation, had it not been accompanied by all the revelations of grace and mercy, which were in substance and embryo the Gospel itself, and consequently foretold and prepared the way for a more perfect development. First, the Christian is called upon to serve God. and of . Though the Roman church was Gentile by nation (see the note at Romans 1:13), yet, as most of them had been proselytes to the Jewish Faith, they are here reminded that in embracing the Gospel they had not cast off Moses and the prophets, but only yielded themselves the more intelligently and profoundly to the testimony of God in that earlier Revelation (Acts 13:32-33). In the sixth does not restrict the reference to the prophets in the strict sense of the word. Which he promised afore. Verify Address. Which he had promised afore … in the holy scriptures—Though the Roman Church was Gentile by nation (see on [2169]Ro 1:13), yet as it consisted mostly of proselytes to the Jewish faith (see on [2170]Introduction to this Epistle), they are here reminded that in embracing Christ they had not cast off, but only the more profoundly yielded themselves to, Moses and the prophets (Ac 13:32, 33). Pilate knew that they had handed Him over because of envy (Matthew 27:18). For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. iv. Paul didn’t write this to a culture that agreed with him. This revelation of God’s righteousness comes to those with faith, fulfilling Habakkuk 2:4: The just – that is, the justified ones – shall live by faith. It is the fulfilment of hopes which God Himself inspired. Verses 1-29. 1:2, 9, 24 ; and Jude’s: Jude 1; and the one other occurrence: Re 17:14. (Arabic) تفاسير – اللغة العربية, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Old, as being really folded up in the Old Testament and concealed in its precious promises; new, as unfolded and unfurled in a fresh form and promulgation. v. At times the Roman Empire specifically taxed approved homosexual prostitution and gave boy prostitutes a legal holiday. set apart. h. The list in Romans 1:29-31 gives concrete examples of the kind of things which are not fitting. If we take those figures from Jesus’ parable, Paul spoke to the Publican in Romans 1 and now he addresses the Pharisee (Luke 18:10-14). In Romans 2, Paul springs a bit of a trap for religious people, especially for religious Jews living under the law. It’s for your own good, it’s My will, and it pleases Me.” God’s almighty powerful Spirit is living inside of us. (18). We can also be guilty of worshipping a self-made God. “At this time the word Greek had lost its racial sense altogether. 1 You may think you can condemn such people, but you are just as bad, and you have no excuse! Click on the different category headings to find out more. God had inspired the Old Testament by speaking through men as He gave His revelation. The "holy scriptures" in Romans 1:2 refer to the Old Testament. Then, in verse 2, the Christian is called upon to change… This speaks of the generally self-destructive nature of sin; it often carries within itself its own penalty. Comp. i. “It is unnecessary, and it weakens the biblical concept of the wrath of God, to deprive it of its emotional and affective character… to construe God’s wrath as simply in his purpose to punish sin or to secure the connection between sin and misery is to equate wrath with its effects and virtually eliminate wrath as a movement within the mind of God. ii. Verses 1-29. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. The same attitude must govern him in his continuing experience as a child of God.” (Harrison) This is an echo of Paul’s message in Galatians 3:1-3. THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PRIVILEGE (Romans 2:1-11)2:1-11 So, then, O man, everyone of you who judges others, you yourself have no defence. That is, the gospel which Paul was sent to preach, was the same system of grace and truth, which from the beginning had been predicted and partially unfolded in the writings of the Old Testament. State / Province. The words "his" and "holy" stress the unique origin of the gospel. By His Prophets. Many among the Jewish people of Paul’s day typified the moralist; but his words in Romans 2:1-16 seem to have a wider application. This begins a passage where Paul describes the sin and corruption of the pagan world with an amazing directness – so direct that Spurgeon thought this passage unfit for public reading. This phrase is so important Paul repeats it three times in this passage. This is the reason Paul appealed to the Old Testament so fully in this and other of his epistles. He has given a general revelation that is obvious both in creation and within the mind and heart of man. 4. The prophetic writings describe not only salvation, the substance of the gospel, but also the preaching of salvation, the gospel itself. For there is no partiality with God. set apart. Chapter 2. as God’s book. j. In verse 2, Paul speaks of the Christian’s obligation in passive terms. It is not the righteousness of even the most holy man, nor is it the righteousness of innocent Adam in Eden. In this sense the term “gay” is wishful thinking. Read it at home, and be startled at the awful vices of the Gentile world.” (Spurgeon). And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things which are not fitting; being filled with all unrighteousness, sexual immorality, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil-mindedness; they are whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, unforgiving, unmerciful; who, knowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things are deserving of death, not only do the same but also approve of those who practice them. We must not forget that the wrath of God is completely righteous in character. For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. 16. iii. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. God’s Judgment of Sin. (See note on Acts 26:1; Acts 6:13; Acts 7:2. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures. ii. Paul did not preach an unanticipated gospel but one that God had promised through His prophets (cf. Introduction 1:1-17. (See Isaiah 40:2, “Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem,” and following verses; Isaiah 42:4; Isaiah 52:1 et seq. Romans 2:1-29. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. (Read Romans 2:1-16) The Jews thought themselves a holy people, entitled to their privileges by right, while they were unthankful, rebellious, and unrighteous. They gave up trying to apply a workable definition to male homosexuals when it became clear that they saw almost no homosexual men who had less than six sexual partners a year. b. It was a message that God had promised, not just prophesied, in the Old Testament Scriptures. Chapter. Luke 24:44; John 12:16; Acts 10:43. Greeting 1:1-7. v1 From Paul. Thus the whole of the letter to the Romans is undergirded by the Holy Scriptures. By the Holy Scriptures must of course be understood, those writings which the Jews regarded as holy, because they treated of holy things, and because they were given by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. iv. Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest … Dare to Evaluate designated. i. “Will you kindly notice, that, according to my text, knowledge is of no use if it does not lead to holy practice? 2 You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things. Some ancient rabbis taught that God … i. Ironically – in the mystery of God’s irony – when Paul did eventually get to Rome, he came as a shipwrecked prisoner. '", 2.Promised—This Gospel is new and yet old. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. While you judge others, you condemn yourself, for you who set yourself up as a judge do exactly the same things. — Paul here also repels another accusation of the Jews, namely, that the Apostles were opposed to Moses and the Prophets; and intimates their complete agreement. Which he had promised before, &c. That is, God before, in the Scriptures, promised the blessings, which are not come by the preaching of the gospel, and that they should come by his Son. Paul took Timothy as a youth and trained him for a minister of Jesus Christ. What does Romans chapter 2 mean? For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven. ii. God Judges according to the Truth (2:1-4) B. (2) that it was confirmed by the authority of holy and inspired men. On the contrary, God promised it before, through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures. Romans 1:18-32, in the case of the Gentiles, that they were strangers to the δικαιοσύνη Θεοῦ, Paul now, ch. The completed registration allows us to send order and donation receipts to the email address you provided. In Romans 2, Paul springs a bit of a trap for religious people, especially for religious Jews living under the law. At one time, London AIDS clinics defined a woman as promiscuous if she had more than six partners in her lifetime. In particular, the city of Rome thought it knew all about power: “Power is the one thing that Rome boasted of the most. We are genuinely “spiritually insane” in our rebellion against God. by an action of God to some . Envy: Is this a small sin? The ancient philosopher Seneca called Rome “a cesspool of iniquity” and the ancient writer Juvenal called it a “filthy sewer into which the dregs of the empire flood.”, iii. From those without, the apostle now turns to those within the pale of revealed religion, the self-righteous Jews, who looked down upon the uncovenanted heathen as beyond the pale of God's mercies, within which they deemed themselves secure, however inconsistent their life may be. Paul took Timothy as a youth and trained him for a minister of Jesus Christ. i. designated. Chapter 8:28, 30 (twice). In the sixth The Basic Principle of Impartiality (2:12-13) B. Who exchanged the truth of God for the lie: In every rebellion and disobedience against God we exchange the truth of God for the lie of our own choosing, and set the creature before the Creator. Moreover it serves to emphasize the sacredness of the gift intrusted to him as separated unto the gospel of God. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. We may learn from this passage what the gospel is: he teaches us, not that it was promulgated by the Prophets but only promised. Chapter 8:28, 30 (twice). You shall go to Rome, Paul; but you shall go in chains.” (Spurgeon), For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. (Romans 12:1-2) Our God is saying here, “Dare to be different. Notice how “socially acceptable” sins (such as covetousness, envy and pride) are included right along with “socially unacceptable” sins (such as murder and being unloving). The information in 1 Peter 1:11 proves the prophets had knowledge about Christ, the sufferings He would undergo, and the glories which would follow His death. Amen. i. c. His invisible attributes are clearly seen: God shows us something of His eternal power anddivine nature through creation, by the things that are made. ‘The divine promises of the gospel, given through the prophets of God, are found in such books as, being God’s records for His revelations, are holy writing’(Meyer). Greek. Jew and Gentile Alike Will Be Judged Equally and Fairly (2:12-16) A. For there is no partiality with God: The word translated partiality comes from two ancient Greek words put together – to receive and face. which gospel. (8-15) The gospel way of justification by faith, for Jews and Gentiles. f. Professing to be wise, they became fools: Our rejection of God’s general revelation does not make us smarter or better. The terminology of Romans 1:24 refers to this combination of sexual immorality and idolatrous worship. Romans 2:1-4 Commentary| Romans 2:5-11 Commentary Romans 2:1-11 Handout | Podcast |Bible Study Questions Introduction. If God justifies a sinner, it does not mean that he finds reasons to prove that he was right – far from it. This futility of thinking, darkening of the heart, and folly must be seen as one example of God’s righteous wrath against those who reject what He reveals. That is which belongs to God, or is connected with Him: is the O.T. “The gospel is not advice to people, suggesting that they lift themselves. … e. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed: Simply, the gospel reveals the righteousness of God. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. a. Clearly seen: The universal character of this revelation and the clarity of it leave man without excuse for rejecting it. i. which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Which gospel he had promised before by his holy prophets, holy Scriptures: Which he had promised before by his prophets speaking in the holy scriptures, ἐπειδὴ δὲ καὶ καινοτομίαν ἐνεκάλουν τῷ πράγματι. Paul does not say that the gospel brings power, but that it is power, and God’s power at that.” (Morris), ii. Because of his love, God made this plan before the world began. The reason why the Apostle here adverts to that fact probably was, that one of the strongest proofs of the divine origin of the gospel is found in the prophecies of the Old Testament. According to Paul, there are many people who sin because they do not know the law, but those who sin with full knowledge of … a. only by faith.” (Poole). “Perhaps what it conveys is the necessity of issuing a reminder to the believer that justifying faith is only the beginning of the Christians life. “I do not suppose that Paul guessed that he would be sent there at the government’s expense, but he was. 2 Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. It is actually His wrath that allows us to go on destroying ourselves with sin. They are not only saved by faith, but they live by faith. It is absolutely essential that we constantly compare our own conception of God against the reality of who God is as revealed in His Word. See Romans 3:21; Romans 4:3; Romans 9:27, Romans 9:33; Romans 10:11, Romans 10:20. In the second half of Romans 1, Paul described the downward progression followed by humanity in our sin. Romans 13:1 Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities.For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.. Greek: Pasa psuche exousiais huperechousais (PAPFPD) hupotassestho (3SPPM) ou gar estin (3SPAI) exousia ei me hupo theou, ai de ousai (PAPFPN) hupo theou tetagmenai (RPPFPN) eisin (3PPAI).. Amplified: Let every person be … Occurs fifty-one times (sing, and plural) Fourteen times by Paul, but only here with adjective hagios, holy. ‘They knew God.’ It was no good to them to know God, for ‘they glorified him not as God.’ So my theological friend over there, who knows so much that he can split hairs over doctrines, it does not matter what you think, or what you know, unless it leads you to glorify God, and to be thankful.” (Spurgeon). Sometimes it is the penalty of rebellion, resulting in spiritual emptiness and all its ramifications. Paul: The life and ministry of the Apostle Paul (also known as Saul of Tarsus) is well documented in Acts chapters 8 through 28, as well as Galatians 1 and 2, and 2 Corinthians 11 and 12.i. Epictetus called his lecture room “the hospital for the sick soul.” Epicurus called his teaching “the medicine of salvation.” Seneca said that because men were so conscious of “their weakness and their inefficiency in necessary things” that all men were looking “towards salvation.” Epictetus said that men were looking for a peace “not of Caesar’s proclamation, but of God’s.” (Cited in Barclay). Homosexuals often seem to specialize in anonymous sex with no emotional commitment. In the holy Scriptures. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 2:1-16 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Romans 1:2. 1:3-4 - Christ is God the Son. ROMANS 1:16-32. A godly preacher, finding that all that there was for dinner was a potato and a herring, thanked God that he had ransacked sea and land to find food for his children. Which he had promised afore … in the holy scriptures—Though the Roman Church was Gentile by nation (see on [2169]Ro 1:13), yet as it consisted mostly of proselytes to the Jewish faith (see on [2170]Introduction to this Epistle), they are here reminded that in embracing Christ they had not cast off, but only the more profoundly yielded themselves to, Moses and the prophets (Ac 13:32, 33). 2 Timothy 1:2 "To Timothy, [my] dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord." The wrath of God is not revealed in the gospel, but in the facts of human experience. Paul, not even waiting for his boots to come home from the cobbler, says, ‘I am ready.’ Oh, it is grand to find a man so little entangled that he can go where God would have him go, and can go at once.” (Spurgeon), i. I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also: This is boldness talking. Which he promised beforehand. Such a sweet spirit breeds love to everybody, and makes a man go through the world cheerfully.” (Spurgeon). — Here he establishes the inspiration of the Scriptures, by pronouncing them holy, and asserting that it was God Himself who spoke in them; and shows whence we are now to take the true word of God and of His Prophets, — not from oral tradition, which must be uncertain and fluctuating, but from the written word, which is certain and permanent. The gospel, Paul implies, though new, is yet old. The Greek-speaking Jews probably used the phrase as a proper noun, as in the case of the word ‘law.’ The omission of the article, in such usage, does not imply any indefinite or general meaning. But the passage is not without its interpretive difficulties. THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PRIVILEGE (Romans 2:1-11)2:1-11 So, then, O man, everyone of you who judges others, you yourself have no defence. “Unless there is something to be saved from, there is no point in talking about salvation.” (Morris). 2. i. ), Promised afore—Even as early as the protevangelium or primal Gospel announcement. Romans 2:1-4 Commentary| Romans 2:5-11 Commentary Romans 2:1-11 Handout | Podcast |Bible Study Questions Introduction. PART 2. 2–3:20, exhibits the same fact with reference to the Jews, and thus adduces the second half of the proof as to … Paul wrote to a culture where homosexuality was accepted as a part of life for both men and women. The subject of grace is prominent in the preaching of the gospel. Every truth revealed to man by God has been fought against, disregarded, and deliberately obscured. Many among the Jewish people of Paul’s day typified the moralist; but his words in Romans 2:1-16 seem to have a wider application. We do not give it power, we only stop hindering the power of the gospel when we present it effectively. scriptures. Paul next began to exalt the gospel that God had called him to proclaim. The apostle here and in this whole epistle develops what he had maintained in all his arguments with the Jews in their synagogues in their various cities, and in his defences in their various arraignments, that new Christianity was but the real continuity of old Israelitism, and that modern Judaism was but its, Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament, Text and Manuscripts of the New Testament. Some say that the Bible nowhere condemns lesbian homosexuality, but the likewise of Romans 1:27 makes it clear that the sin of homosexuality condemned in Romans 1:27 is connected to the sin of women mentioned in Romans 1:26. ii. Despite all their power, the Romans – like all men – were powerless to make themselves righteous before God.