Jesus rebukes a Pharisee because he did not give Jesus a kiss when He came into his house. (3-5a) Greetings to Priscilla and Aquilla. You can also change some of your preferences. Romans 1:16,17 teaches that in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed that is by faith from first to last. Romans 11:1-2 “I ask, then, has God rejected his people? Five believers are greeted by name in verse 14 and mention is made of the "brethren that are with them." Now we have even more names. He was generous in paying compliments that were both sincere and wonderful. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. The Letter itself is a masterpiece of spiritual instruction, Paul's supreme exposition of the infinite range of redemption. It is better to be God’s dog than to be the devil’s darling.” (Spurgeon). (25-27)1-16 Paul recommends Phebe to the Christians at Rome. Ἐπαίνετον [40]] Unknown like all the following down to Romans 16:15, but see the note on Ῥοῦφον, Romans 16:13. “Mad dogs are shot; infectious diseases are quarantined; but evil teachers who would divide to their destruction and draw away the saints with teaching, By smooth words and flattering speech deceive, Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, The God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. b. The name of their chief servant was Nereus – this may be the same Nereus mentioned here and he may be the one who brought the gospel to them. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. “Where are you, Aristobulus? Watch our overview video on the book of Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. We notice here that this kiss was to be a holy kiss. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. And salute; the verb is properly supplied, but the clause is grammatically connected with Romans 16:3, and should form a part of Romans 16:4. Book Summary The book of Romans is the New Testament's longest, most structured, and most detailed description of Christian theology. e. Be wise in what is good: This is the best defense against dividers and deceivers. Greet those who are of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. ROMANS SUMMARY. Greet the beloved Persis, who labored much in the Lord. That much—and more—is quite clear. Now I urge you, brethren, note those who cause divisions and offenses, contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and avoid them. One more thing you know. i. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendation of this sister in Christ so the Romans will receive her and support her during her stay in their city. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ. Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." We see that God does the crushing, but Satan ends up under the feet of believers. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. i. Amen! Paul lays out the core of the gospel message: salvation by grace alone through faith alone. 29 ff. a. Gods Word For You. I might speak in God’s name good words and comfortable words to your wife and to your children, but I could not so speak to you, Aristobulus! 1:1 and 1 Tim. Something unusual happened at the end of this letter, and this is a very possible understanding of it.” (Morris), iii. For your obedience has become known to all. Romans 16:16 "Salute one another with a holy kiss. For I myself am an (21-24) The epistle concludes with ascribing glory to God. "But as many others who were Jews are mentioned here without this appellation, and as he especially designates these persons, and Herodian Romans 16:11, it seems probable that they were remote relatives of the apostle. i. Deceive the hearts of the simple: This shows that dividers and deceivers don’t affect everyone. Of note among the apostles has the idea that Andronicus and Junia are apostles themselves (though not of the twelve), and notable among other apostles. Typically they perceive themselves as noble crusaders for a great cause. ii. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my co-workers in Christ Jesus. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. According to the revelation of the mystery: Paul means this as the whole plan of redemption through Jesus Christ. If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. It isn’t very strong. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. i. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. Once these have been noted (marked), they are to be avoided. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him He sent His Son to rescue you from sin and judgment. αὐτ. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother. d. Your obedience has become known to all: This means that when it comes to dividers and deceivers, it isn’t that the Romans must correct a bad situation. c. Amplias: There is a tomb dating from the late first or early second century in the earliest Christian catacomb of Rome which bears the name AMPLIAS. “And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly.” Thus, Calvary is not the meaning of Romans 16:20. Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." Romans 16:1 "I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:" Phoebe means bright and radiant, which fits Paul’s brief description of her personality and Christian character. Some suggest that this is the same person mentioned in Romans 16:8. d. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus: The fact that the household of Aristobulus is greeted but not Aristobulus himself made Spurgeon think that Aristobulus was not converted but many in his household were. Each house church probably had its own “pastor.”. All Rights Reserved. The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus, approved in Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the Lord. It’s entirely fitting that Paul concludes this letter praising the God of such a gospel. Clement of Alexandria complained about churches where people made the church resound with kissing, and says that “the shameless use of a kiss occasions foul suspicions the evil reports.”, a. Leon Morris explains that this section demonstrates that the Letter to the Romans “was a letter to real people and, as far as we can see, ordinary people; it was not written to professional theologians.”, i. (Romans 16:25-27 NIV) Those remarkable words constitute a summary of the whole letter to the Romans -- a beautiful finale to this great epistle. Yet they must remain diligent against the attacks of the dividers and the deceivers. The apostle recommends Phebe to the church at Rome, and greets several friends there. Romans 16 is Paul's final farewell and instruction to the believers in Rome. Here is a Romans 11Bible study with commentary and a summary. Keep away from them.” Brief Summary: Paul was excited about being able to minister at last in this church, and everyone was well aware of that fact (Romans 1:8-15). i. Romans 2:16, ESV: "on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus." Romans 2:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 2:16, NIV: "This will take place on the day when God judges people's secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares." a. Timothy rightly rates a first mention, being one of Paul’s closest and most trusted associates. 3. We would do well to look briefly at all three preceding verses. b. Andronicus and Junia: These were apparently Jews (my kinsmen) and were imprisoned for the sake of the gospel (my fellow prisoners). Introduction. Romans 16:17, “I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Chapter 16 The last bit of the letter consists of some shout outs to Paul's friends in Rome. Having expounded the doctrines of foreordination, election, and adoption in Romans 9–11, Paul concluded his Epistle to the Romans by encouraging the Saints to remain true and faithful in order to reap the full blessings of the covenant.. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. This is essential to God’s purpose for the church. Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. Personal Greetings. Therefore I am glad on your behalf; but I want you to be wise in what is good, and simple concerning evil. At that time God will judge all in righteousness, the Jew by the Law which he had, and the pagan by the Law which he had. In Romans Chapter 16, Paul warned his followers to beware of those people who wish to divide them by causing infighting and other troubles. It is of far more use to know the good than it is to know the evil, to learn about the genuine rather than the counterfeit. (17-20) Christian salutations. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Romans 16:25-27. E. Righteousness eNlarged: Worldwide (Romans 9-11) God makes His Name great by spreading His grace to the whole world. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. It is an honor to labor for Christ, it is a still greater honor to labor much. Romans 1 covers Paul’s introduction to the book of Romans as well as building a case against the entire world that we were guilty before God. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: c. Notice their work for the Lord: some, like. i. Timothy, my fellow worker, and Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater, my countrymen, greet you. 2. Phoebe seems to be a female deacon in the church, either by formal recognition or through her general service. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. sacr. They are already dealing with these situations well, and Paul is glad about it. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus. CONCLUSION, EMBRACING SUNDRY SALUTATIONS AND DIRECTIONS, AND A CLOSING PRAYER. Now I urge you, brethren: The tone here suggests how important this was to Paul; “It may well be that Paul took the pen and wrote these words himself… It is quite possible that Paul wrote these words, then passed the pen back to Tertius for a postscript. Paul may be writing many of the servants who worked for Caesar who became Christians. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Romans Chapter 16 Continued Romans 16:17 "Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have … d. Servant is the same word translated deacon in other places. I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle, greet you in the Lord. Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who have labored in the Lord. Epaenetus was also apparently dear to Paul; beloved isn’t a term Paul used cheaply. Amen. Romans 16 is the sixteenth (and the last) chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while Paul was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of a secretary (), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. 1:4; Eph 1:19-20).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated Him in heaven. c. Gaius: This brother had such a reputation for hospitality that Paul can say he was regarded as the host of the whole church. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea.2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. Verse 19—but also verses 17 and 18—are the keys to interpreting and understanding Romans 16:20. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the greatness and glory of this plan of God that Paul preached as a gospel – as good news. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. 16. When you come to a section of Scripture like Romans 16 with its long list of names, it’s good to keep in mind Paul’s words in 2 Timothy 3:16-17, “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.” She has been a helper of many and of myself also. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way forever. Commentary for Romans 16 . a. PriscillaandAquila: This couple is mentioned in Acts 18:2, 18:18 and 18:26 as associates of Paul and helpers to Apollos. In a city with a Christian community of any size, there would be several “congregations” meeting in different houses, since there were no “church” buildings at this time. Likewise greet the church that is in their house. We know that there were Christians among Caesar’s household (Philippians 4:22). f. The God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly: Any church with the well-deserved reputation of the Romans, who stays on guard against both dividers and deceivers, will see God crush Satan under your feet shortly. Or do they? b. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. b. I commend to you: Such recommendations were important because there was both great legitimate need for this kind of assistance and there were many deceivers who wanted to take advantage of the generosity of Christians. Now that the mystery has been revealed through the preaching of the gospel, God calls all nations to obedience to the faith. e. Rufus: This may be the same man mentioned as a son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. The more striking, then, that place should be given for the names of these simple people. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. This summary of the gospel anticipates all the Paul teaches in Romans. Greet Amplias, my beloved in the Lord. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Romans 12–16-New Testament Teacher Resource Manual. This was Paul’s normal practice in writing letters to churches, but this is the only letter where Paul’s secretary is mentioned by name. Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance reco… Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! You can check these in your browser security settings. If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. This is a tremendous example. 4 They risked their lives for me. An outstanding feature of this chapter is that people are appreciated as people. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Each of these must be guarded against. Do not let us think of the distinguished Christians exclusively so as to forget the rank and file of the Lord’s army. Romans 16:25-27. The reason for writing the book of Romans was to share the gospel and teach that our righteousness comes by faith in Jesus Christ apart from what we can do to earn it. If, then, any, in joining the Christian church, desire place or position, honor or respect, the way to it is this – labor, and labor much.” (Spurgeon). Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. If there ever were women recognized as apostles – in the sense of being special emissaries of God, not in the sense of being of the twelve – this is the strongest Scriptural evidence. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Of course, this will not ultimately happen until Satan is bound and cast into the bottomless pit (Revelation 20:1-3); but every victory God wins for us right now is a preview of that event. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 … I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord ( Romans 16:22). We must not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are concerned with dividers and deceivers. Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. He warned to be careful of those who claim to be good and those who are evil. Because Romans is about the other, because Paul’s gospel must go out to all people, including the Jews (Rom. Paul’s great letter to the Romans ends with a doxology — a moment of praise. Amen. This sort of practical help is essential in doing the business of the gospel. Romans 16:5. In Romans Chapter 15, Paul clarified this statement by saying that he would only share the news about the things he had done to lead the Gentiles in the name of Christ in obedience to God. Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. (21-24) Greetings from those in Corinth with Paul. CHAPTER 16 Romans 16:1-27. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: Phoebe, Priscilla, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, the mother of Rufus, and Julia. John Piper Dec 17, 2006 214 Shares Sermon. It made Spurgeon think of the unconverted who live with believers in their house. 2. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. a. (15:16) Teaches but also relates closely to the Romans he is talking to. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the, ii. “They were like the most of us, commonplace individuals; but they loved the Lord, and therefore as Paul recollected their names he sent them a message of love which has become embalmed in the Holy Scriptures. Scripture: Romans 16:27. He is affectionate toward them and gives final coaching to watch out for false doctrines and teachings and those who would cause division among them. Paul wanted to share information about the power of God’s spirit and all of the wonders and signs that accompanied it. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force all... 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In 140 characters or less video on the book of Romans a final PRAYER their house scattered! Does the crushing, but their own belly: dividers and deceivers never want to appear selfish when loving!