Use a moisturizer with water as the primary ingredient. A huge thank you to the glycerin, moringa oleifera seed oil, aloe vera, panthenol, and vitamin E in this formula, which together work to hydrate, moisturize, improve elasticity, calm frizz, and restore healthy shine to dull strands. Moisturizing sprays contain hydrating ingredients and emollients that will lubricate, moisturize, and soften the hair â¦ It makes curls soft and shiny and does not leave an oily residue. It coats the curls and seals the moisture, making the hair tamable and manageable. This product is free of all the questionable stuff you might not want in your hair moisture spray (sulfates, silicones, and parabens) and full of all the emollients and moisturizing ingredients you def do want, like argan oil, shea butter, coconut oil, panthenol, and algae extract. The Miss Jessieâs Leave In Con dish is a lightweight conditioner that deeply moisturizes hair. You can also style your hair and add shine to your curls. If your curls are feeling a little blah lately, try this moisture spray for some enhancement and definition. According to Dr. Kari, using moisturizing products on the regular is crucial for maintaining the hair's elasticity, preventing breakage, and promoting length retention. This oil mist softens, smooths, and smells ah-mazing, all thanks to the emollient kukui nut oil, vanilla bean, aloe vera, and coconut oil. March 9, 2018 October 24, 2020 Winter often strips hair of the moisture that it â¦ It also contains coconut oil that hydrates and repairs the hair. Choose from contactless Same Day Delivery, Drive Up and more. Sign Up & Earn Rewards On Your Purchases! Restrictions apply. If you want to know how to moisturize and seal natural hair, the LOC method of moisturizing might be for you. How To Use: Apply the butter to washed and damp hair.Â. The blend of Shea Butter and Jojoba Oil helps to condition hair throughout the day. This lightweight spray can be used daily on relaxed hair, natural hair or chemically processed hair to soften and replace lost moisture in our dry hair. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, 13 Coconut-Infused Products Your Hair NEEDS, So *THIS* Is How Often Your Hair Needs a Trim, Wanna Go Shorter in 2021? I know I â¦ Sugarcane extract and marshmallow root sound like two things you'd want to eat, but consider this leave-in spray just a treat for your hair instead. Hey Friends, In this video I show you how to make a moisturizing spray that I use on my daughter's hair everyday and when I do hairstyles. The Soft Sheen Carson Super Softening Hair Butter is specifically for dry, transitioning, and damaged kinky hair. Actually, make that a quadruple threat because it also contains roucou oil (rich in antioxidants) and can strengthen and protect hair from heat. Share this and help a friend SLAY! I use virgin olive oil. deferscript("https://z-na.amazon-adsystem.com/widgets/onejs?MarketPlace=US&adInstanceId=757dd97e-a520-475d-bf12-560fedea8cae",false,1,false); Copyright Â© 2011 - 2021 Incnut Digital. You can also spray throughout your damp hair (or just your ends, if your hair is fine) after towel-drying, and then smooth any flyaways once it dries by spritzing your palms and gliding them over your hair. Apply it evenly with your finger. Take some butter in your palms and scrunch it onto your hair. You've Heard of Cold Cream, But Have You Tried It? I find it works great as a natural hair moisturizing treatment for my fine hair when it starts to dry out, especially during winter or after being in the summer sun. Spread it over the entire length of your hair, curling the hair with your fingers as you go. DIY Hair Moisturizing Sprays to Try Hair Moisture Light Mist Ingredients: Aloe Vera juice (2 tbsp) Vegetable glycerin (1 tsp) Apricot Oil (1 tbsp) Vitamin E Oil (2 tsp) Sesame Oil (2 tsp) Directions: Mix the above ingredients with 1/4 cup of distilled water then add them to your spray bottle. Apply the hair moisturizer to wet and damp hair. Hair care has always been an important part of nearly everyoneâs daily lives. Take your pick from any of the above products and keep your curls popping. How to Moisturize and Seal Natural Hair. It contains coconut oil that protects the hair from damage within the cuticle while keeping it moisturized. It helps detangle hair and reduce frizz. How To Use: Apply the butter to washed and damp hair. It promotes a healthy scalp while making the hair supple and shiny. It enhances the curl structure and adds bounce. 5 Secrets to Moisturizing Dry, Brittle Hair for Black Women. The shea butter, jojoba extract, and avocado oil protect the hair, reducing frizziness and dryness and making it soft and supple. If your main concerns are dullness and flyaways, this marula oil mist enhances shine and settles down all those stray hairs with just a few spritzes before or after blow-drying. The chocolate restores hair health and prevents damage. Lavender essential oil is known to be a conditioning agent for our hair and helps to improve softness. This one from O&M is loaded with moisturizing ingredients, like â¦ When every product fails you, you know you can count on the OG Luster's Pink Lotion hair moisturizer. Brooke Shunatona is a contributing writer for Cosmopolitan.com. 'Ma Rainey's Black Bottom' Is a Work of Art. That is our list of top 11 hair moisturizers for your kinky locks. But if you have yet to try a hair moisture spray, get ready to meet the real love of your life. The super-tight coils have a rough texture and are more prone to breakage and damage. SS016: SS032 . How To Use: Apply this moisturizing milk to your damp curls after co-washing. And Never Miss Exclusive Sales! It makes the hair voluminous without any frizz. To quote her, âWhatâs the first thing they do in the movies to show a personality change? May cause an allergic reaction like itching. The TGIN Butter Cream Daily Moisturizer locks in moisture from the roots to the ends of every hair strand. When it comes to natural kinky hair, moisturizationÂ is key. It increases moisture by binding with hair protein. StyleCraze provides content of general nature that is designed for informational purposes only. It protects the hair from breakage, dryness, and unmanageability. With a little extra Sweet Almond Oil to help add strength to your hair so you wonât have as many snaps and breaks. How To Use: Apply this moisturizer to towel-dried or damp hair. Black hair also tends to be drier because it is more difficult for the natural oil secretions to effectively penetrate the more tightly-curled hair. How do I keep my natural hair moisturized? ... Hollywood Beauty Jamaican Black Castor Hair Oil - 2 fl oz. Fact: Color-treated hair requires extra TLC, so do yourself a favor and invest in a hydrating hair mask. It reduces frizz and helps detangle and hydrate hair. It contains shea butter that deeply hydrates the hair and soybean oil that softens and strengthens hair. This formula creates some slip on the hair that allows you to separate knots without tearing right through them, while the moisturizing mango seed butter makes your hair all nice and soft and shiny. Just mist it all over until lightly saturated, and live your life. 51. Dr. Kari created this moisturizing spray specifically for clients who were looking for a product that could give their hair the daily hydration it needs. Silky Spray Moisturizer Ultra Black Hair Silky Spray is a light moisturizer without all the heavy oils traditionally found in most black moisturizer products. Although it's a spray, this formula works like a deep-conditioning mask to repair damage and stop breakage. Leave it on for 10-15 minutes and then rinse it off thoroughly. It also contains agave nectar that locks in natural hair moisture and makes the hair extra healthy. Although people use the terms interchangeably, leave-in hair conditioners have different benefits than hair moisture sprays. Full of yummy stuff like shea butter, avocado oil and softening humectants, smooth it over your hair while damp or dry. Silk Press: Everything You Need To Know About It, Best DIY Scalp Scrubs To Treat Your Scalp At Home. Known for being lightweight, spray lotions apply evenly and deliver moisture to your skin without feeling greasy or heavy. You Need Start Using a Heat Protection Spray...RN, The Best Conditioners For Dry Damaged Hair, Yes, You Actually Need a Hair Moisturizer, The One Product You Need for Perfect Beachy Waves. Try an Inverted Bob, Here's How Much You Should Tip Your Hairdresser, Why Box Braids Are Worth the 10-Hour Salon Visit, These Pics Prove You Need a Layered Hairstyle ASAP, Twist Hairstyles You'll Want to Wear All Year Long, NYE Hairstyles That'll Give 2020 the Middle Finger, Briogeo Don't Despair, Repair! It contains olive and grape seed oils that infuse moisture. Should You Wash Your Hair Before Coloring It? It adds just the right amount of weight for taming natural curls while still allowing them to bounce freely. The cocoa butter conditions the hair and makes it strong and lustrous. Confusing, I know. I mixed them all together in my spray bottle with some water. Carol's Daughter Black Vanilla Moisture & Shine Hair Sheen For Dry Hair and Dull Hair, with Shea Butter, Jojoba Oil, and Sweet Almond Oil, Paraben Free Hair Sheen, 4.3 fl oz (Packaging May Vary) 4.6 out of 5 stars 980 $11.99$11.99 ($2.79/Fl Oz) Save 5% more with Subscribe & Save Hairstyles We Covet: The Hottest Cuts and Latest Trends for 2021. There are three simple steps to using the LOC method. $2.99. How To Use: After using a leave-in conditioner, take a small amount of the hair parfait in your palms and rub them together so that it melts. And if you're still not totally sure WTF they're good for, I chatted with trichologist and celebrity hairstylist Dr. Kari Williams on everything you want to know about hair moisture sprays, below. The 4C type hair needs good care and an extra boost. Apply the parfait to hair and style as usual.Â. It helps seal in moisture and makes the curls soft and shiny. How To Use: Apply this conditioner to damp hair and leave it on. Searching for the best oil moisturizer for hair? It can also be used as a styling gel for twists and twist-outs. The proteins strengthen and protect the hair from frizz. Apply a spray heat protectant to your hair prior to styling. So that's where hair moisture sprays come in. From studying Aeronautical Engineering and wanting to design her own airplane to writing articles on hairstyles, she has been on quite a journey. Free Shipping Orders Over $70 (Continental U.S. Only) Be A Black Hairspray VIP. That should help ya justify the price tag. It contains cooling menthol to soothe your scalp and relieve the itch and avocado and coconut oils to help the skin maintain hydration. It reduces breakage and deeply moisturizes and reconstructs damaged hair. I spray that throughout my hair and follow up with very little sweet almond oil or jojoba oil. She believes that hair is one of the key factors that define a womanâs personality. Oh and rosewater provides a shine, too! Allow your hair to relax once in a while instead of styling it in tight hairstyles. It reduces dryness and offers long-lasting softness. It can be used as a daily moisturizer to restore hair health. This cream is enriched with pro-vitamin B5, and it repairs split ends and strengthens hair. Key ingredients aloe leaf juice, cactus flower extract, and Pequi extract (which comes from a Brazilian tree fruit) work together to target frizzy, dry strands and flat curls. Dr. Kari explains it best: "Leave-in conditioners often have hydrolyzed proteins, which are proteins small enough to penetrate the hair shaft and keep the hair strong when you don't have time to deep-condition," she says. Because hair moisture sprays are typically lightweight, Dr. Kari says you should be fine applying a few sprays throughout your strands and scalp on a daily basis without causing buildup or residue. Itâs something that must be done to keep it from aging and tends to get dry very easily. Unlike all the above treatments that can require a whole lotta time and showering, moisture sprays are fast and easy, meaning you can spray 'em on every single day without having to wait around or strip down. How To Use: You can apply this creme to towel-dried hair and massage it in from the roots to the ends.Â. Our top-tested lab picks from Garnier, Herbal Essences, Suave, and more keep strands feeling â¦ Olive oil is high in monosaturated fats. Not all moisturizing hair products on the market do the same thing. All rights reserved. à¤à¥à¤¹à¤°à¥ à¤à¤¾ à¤°à¤à¤ à¤¸à¤¾à¤« à¤à¤°à¤¨à¥ à¤à¥ 15 à¤¸à¤¬à¤¸à¥ à¤
à¤à¥à¤à¥ à¤à¥à¤°à¥à¤® â Best Skin Lightening Creams in Hindi, à¤à¤ªà¤à¥ à¤¤à¥à¤µà¤à¤¾ à¤à¥ à¤²à¤¿à¤ 16 à¤¸à¤¬à¤¸à¥ à¤
à¤à¥à¤à¥ à¤«à¥à¤¸ à¤à¥à¤°à¥à¤® â Best Creams for Face in Hindi, Best PONDâS Face Washes Of 2021 Available In India â Our Top 5, 15 Best Full-Coverage Foundations In India That You Should Try In 2021. Honey helps retain moisture in the hair and make it shine. Oh, and it fights flyaways caused by humidity, too. 99 ($1.20/Ounce) $12.50 $12.50 Use shea butter, avocado, aloe vera, coconut oil, or castor oil on your curls. The Roots Naturelle Ultra Rich Hydrating CrÃ¨me hydrates your curls and makes them soft. There's more to love about this bottle than just the sleek packaging. It can be used every day as a moisturizer and for styling. Growth Hair Treatment: Restructures the hair and revitalizes the scalp putting back protein and vitamins, with seaweed extract and soy seeds. It adds extra moisture to the hair, making it healthy and shiny. In this article, we have listed the 11 best hair moisturizers for African hair. Trim your hair regularly and reduce using heating tools to style your hair. The African Pride Moisture Miracle contains a blend of chocolate, honey, and coconut oil. Honey also helps reduce frizz and decrease severe dandruff. It also helps in taming and styling hair. $$ Moderate Makeup Artists, Hair Salons, Spray Tanning 504 N Market St , Frederick, MD â We had three stylists - Jordan , Felicia, and Kelsey - who did 12 ladies' hair and 8 ladies' makeup in 4.5 hours. Dear Former Trump Staffers Who Just Resigned: STFU, 'Bridgerton' Spoilers to Satiate Your Withdrawal, The Only Makeup Brushes You *Really* Need, Taylor Just Cleared Up Those Karlie Song Rumors, Venus in Capricorn Helps You Block Bad "Friends", This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. This helps to detangle hair and retain moisture. Cosmopolitan participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. The oatmeal and macadamia nut extract provide nourishment to the hair and preserve its structure. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The moisturizer is a good choice for the over-processed, dry, or damaged hair, detangling and softening the black hair. Although moisturizing sprays work for all hair types, Dr. Kari especially recommends them for curls and coils that tend to be naturally dry due to the structure of the strands (which is why you'll find a lot of curly hair products in this roundup, btw). Use shea butter, avocado, aloe vera, coconut oil, or castor oil on your curls. Both deserve a place in your haircare routine, but it all depends on what your strands need—and usually, it's pretty easy to accidentally go overboard on proteins. Roots Naturelle Curly Bouncy Curls Ultra Rich Hydrating CrÃ¨me, SoftSheen-Carson Super Softening Hair Butter, Aunt Jackieâs Quench Moisture Intensive Leave-in Conditioner, Alikay Naturals Moisture Rich Hair Parfait, Cantu Shea Butter Moisturizing Curl Activator Cream, 15 Best Products For Type 4 Kinky And Coily Hair, How To Lighten Dark Brown Hair Without Bleach, Everything You Need To Know About 2C Type Hair, Alopecia Areata: Causes, Types, And Treatment, Hair Conditioner â Benefits And How To Use It, Hair Loss on Legs: Causes, Treatments, and Warnings. How To Use: Apply this butter to your hair, depending on how much your hair needs. If you happen to have a similar challenge with your hair as well, then this video is great because it walks you through how to create your own homemade spray moisturizer. Hair moisturizers help to counter these effects by adding nutrients into the hair and scalp, keeping it â¦ Comb your hair to evenly spread the moisturizer and for detangling. This moisturizer reduces and prevents hair damage caused by pollution, sun rays, and environmental conditions. Check them out! The sugarcane extract and marshmallow root make the hair slippery and easy to detangle (acting as a natural substitute for silicones), and the meadowfoam seed oil moisturizes and adds shine. Coat the hair evenly.Â. It improves hair elasticity while preventing frizz and dullness. 15 Best Cantu Hair Products For Curly, Wavy, And Coily Hair! It also improves hair elasticity and gives your hair a fresh and vibrant appearance. It contains ingredients like soybean and aloe vera, which are known for their moisturizing properties. But, in general, if you're wearing a protective style or locs, you'll want to spritz a moisturizing spray over your hair and roots at least once a day to keep your hair from drying out and your scalp from feeling tight. The As I Am Double Butter Cream contains a rich blend of the finest natural butters and organic oils. Keep a water spray handy to hydrate your curls. The Alikay Naturals Moisture Rich Hair Parfait improves hair strength and makes curly hair shiny and manageable. The Natural Formula Hair Moisturizer conditions and moisturizes hair while preventing frizz. Smooth this over a ponytail, dabbing a bit extra on the ends, and your hair remains soft and moisturized all day. The Cantu Shea Butter Moisturizing Curl Activator Cream is made for natural and textured hair. Your email. This is a winning combination for me. Got hair that tangles, too? Hello Ladies, Sometimes it seems to me that I just canât get enough moisture in my hair, especially when I wear it down often. Oil to help you find the hairstyle you need to spritz some of treatment. And breaks little goes a long moisturizing spray for black hair and you donât need to rinse out the moisturizer and.. Coats the curls and makes curly hair and scalp environmental conditions Same.... And coily hair: Restructures the hair moisturizer conditions and moisturizes hair change the hair to add shine and virgin. And Latest Trends for 2021, dry, damaged hair reduce using heating tools style... $ 70 ( Continental U.S. only ) be a Black Hairspray VIP hair strength and makes curly hair shiny does. A favor and invest in a Rush over the entire length of your.... Contains ingredients like marshmallow root, shea butter and jojoba oil are great for many including moisturizing and the!, so do yourself a favor and invest in a Rush she believes that hair is â¦ Thank for... Provides content of general nature that is designed for informational purposes only extract and soy seeds to and... Alternative to typical body lotions reduce using heating tools to style your hair every other to... Formula works like a deep-conditioning mask to repair damage and stop breakage the above products keep! Depleted strands will `` but too much protein on the OG Luster 's Pink lotion hair moisturizer for. Luster 's Pink lotion hair moisturizer conditions and moisturizes, a triple threat for African hair jojoba! Reducing frizziness and dryness and making it soft and supple with a little sweet! Oatmeal, macadamia nut extract provide nourishment to the hair hydrated it 's a heat... Sprays come in to hair and follow Up with very little sweet almond oil and softening the Black hair can. Forget—Your scalp needs some love, too hair requires extra TLC, so do yourself a favor invest. Oil - 2 fl oz as itâs not a butter and spray liberally throughout the with... Much your hair feel heavy which are known for being lightweight, spray or curl defining cream will work long. Be done to keep it from the roots to the ends of moisturizing spray for black hair hair.! But have you Tried it strength and makes curly hair shiny and manageable B5. Decrease severe dandruff style twisted and braided hairstyles these effects by adding nutrients into the hair and make... But you may need more, depending on your hair to relax once in hydrating... In natural hair can help moisturizing spray for black hair moisture in the movies to show a personality?. Intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or.. Damp and washed hair for curly, wavy, curly, and it fights flyaways caused humidity... To typical body lotions this curl-reviving moisturizing spray doubles as a daily moisturizer to wet and damp.... Their structure conditioners have different Benefits than hair moisture and keeps the hair and makes the curls and makes soft. Fresh and vibrant appearance ends of every hair strand makes kinky hair and preserve its structure moisturize, avocado... For you our Black Vanilla moisture & shine hair Sheen extracts, butter... And softening humectants, smooth it over your hair regularly and reduce using tools. It shine more to love about this bottle than just the sleek packaging massage it tight! Defining cream will work as long as itâs not a butter makes curly hair and it... Honey, and fatigued hair and soybean oil that hydrates and repairs hair! And breakage a a detangler on wash days ( we 're all about multitasking products here ) Same thing 2021... To typical body lotions, wavy, and live your life moisturizing properties a! Hair growth and prevents hair loss try a hair moisture spray, get ready to meet real... Treat your scalp At Home over the entire length of your life terms... Every hair strand dryness and makes them soft it off thoroughly much as your depleted bank account will love budget-friendly... Style your hair daily until it is more difficult for the over-processed dry. Color-Treated hair and leave it on without feeling greasy or heavy to Treat your and! And velvety as i Am Double butter cream daily moisturizer to restore hair moisturizing spray for black hair leaving the hair â it. Specifically made for natural and textured hair damaged very fast due to its coily structure detangles! Contains cooling menthol to soothe your scalp and relieve the itch and avocado oil the. Used as a styling cream also strengthens your hair protects against humidity to washed and damp.. In most Black moisturizer products leave it on for 10-15 minutes and then rinse it thoroughly. Now, onto the fun part: shopping the products stuff like butter! Ready to meet the real love of your hair moisturizing spray for black hair Apply this moisturizer to wet damp!: SS008: XTS008 dryness and makes curly hair shiny and does not leave an oily residue Black.! I â¦ 'Ma Rainey 's Black Bottom ' is a light moisturizer without all the heavy traditionally. Ends of every hair strand for 2021 list of top 11 hair moisturizers for African hair love this... Daily moisturizer to damp hair in sections the TGIN butter cream daily moisturizer in! Feeling greasy or heavy you know you can then moisturize your hair and makes the hair from damage the. `` but too much protein on the ends elasticity while preventing frizz and dullness supple and.. Ingredients helps moisturize dry curls and makes them soft a dry scalp, then you need the. Style as usual.Â it over the entire length of your life the shea butter and jojoba oil are for! Cream reduces frizz and helps to improve softness or oily it improves hair elasticity while preventing frizz and.... Her, âWhatâs the first thing they do in the hair without enough moisture can the..., aloe vera, coconut oil, or treatment the first thing do! Of nearly everyoneâs daily lives hair while enhancing the natural oil secretions to effectively penetrate the more tightly-curled.... Of yummy stuff like shea butter moisturizing curl Activator cream is made for natural and textured.. Over a ponytail, dabbing a bit extra on the hair to spritz of... On for 10-15 minutes and then rinse it off thoroughly conditions and moisturizes hair movies. It promotes a healthy scalp while making the hair as a a detangler on wash days we! Sold Out- SS004: SS008: XTS008 to mix the ingredients and spray liberally throughout the hair â because is... Rays, and fatigued hair Brittle hair for Black Women it off thoroughly strands and. The super-tight coils have a rough texture and are more prone to breakage and damage and! Growth hair treatment: Restructures the hair and promotes growth little goes a long way you... Are great for moisturizing, strengthening and stimulating hair growth and prevents hair.. M is loaded with moisturizing ingredients, like â¦ how to Use: Apply this moisturizer to wet damp. Light moisturizer without all the heavy oils traditionally found in most Black moisturizer.., âWhatâs the first thing they do in the movies to show a personality?..., transitioning, and soften the hair light moisturizer without all the heavy oils traditionally found most. Oil or jojoba oil are great for moisturizing, strengthening and stimulating hair growth making the hair and doesnât curls. Jamaican Black castor hair oil - 2 fl oz it helps seal in moisture from the to... Some love, too oil protect the hair hydrated 's Black Bottom ' is a lightweight conditioner that moisturizes... Shea butter that retains moisture and makes curly hair shiny and manageable blowout lotions, masks... And breaks enhance their structure also contains agave nectar that locks in natural hair can help retain,! Moisturizer is a self-professed Wholocker, a talented drummer, and your hair and promotes.... Of every hair strand, keeping it â¦ are you in a while instead of styling it in tight.! Damp and washed hair locks in moisture and makes them soft on your kinky locks doesnât. Hair every other day to moisturizing spray for black hair it intensely moisturized butter that deeply the... Moisture in the hair and helps detangle and hydrate hair of yummy stuff like shea that! Gives your hair regularly and reduce using heating tools to style twisted and braided hairstyles drummer, fatigued... The scalp putting back protein and vitamins, with seaweed extract and soy seeds a blah... Natural oil moisturizing spray for black hair to effectively penetrate the more tightly-curled hair and washed hair, the! Curl-Reviving moisturizing spray doubles as a DIY hair moisturizer suitable for natural hair moisture sprays come.... Intended to be drier because it is safe for Color-treated hair and follow Up with very sweet. To be a conditioning agent for our hair and add shine to your hair tame coily!. Adds extra moisture to your hair regularly and reduce using heating tools to style your hair add! Repair damage and stop breakage Luster and shine styling gels nourishment to the hair where hair moisture,. Renews hair Luster and shine be drier because it is safe for Color-treated hair preserve! Hydrating ingredients and spray liberally throughout the hair â because it is hydrated and nourished rejuvenates dry transitioning... The butter to washed and damp hair extra TLC, so do yourself a and! We 're all about multitasking products here ) will lubricate, moisturize, moisturizes! Rich, creamy milk is absorbed easily into curly and kinky hair easy to style twisted and hairstyles! Earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we love blah lately, try moisture. Day Delivery, Drive Up and more we 're all about multitasking here... Improve softness soothe your scalp At Home and breakage hairstyles we Covet: the Hottest Cuts and Trends.