-"A peculiar word, and purposely chosen to denote the clear, loud utterance under the miraculous impulse." Taken in this way it would have helped Peter to recognise in the ‘other tongues’ at Pentecost a fulfilment of the promise that Jesus had made concerning ‘new tongues’. (2) When St. Luke wrote his account of the Day of Pentecost, he must have had—partly through his companionship with St. Paul, partly from personal observation—a wide knowledge of the phenomena described as connected with the “tongues” in 1 Corinthians 14. Both occurred on this occasion, though Luke only mentioned filling specifically. With other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. It is clear (1) that such an use of the word would be natural in writers trained as St. Paul and St. Luke had been in the language of Greek schools; and (2) that it exactly falls in with the conclusion to which the phenomena of the case leads us, apart from the word. [Note: See my comments on these verses in these notes for further explanations.] However the ability to speak in tongues does not in itself demonstrate the baptism of the Holy Spirit. apophthengomai, here, Acts 2:14, and Acts 26:25. . 2. (p. 449). Study Acts 2 using John Darby’s Synopsis to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. If Christianity is no more than a moral doctrine, then Pentecost is lost in the background of a primitive antiquity; if it is "life from the dead," then we must ceaselessly repeat the watchword, "This is he that baptizeth with the Holy Ghost." Instances of such a baptism in great preachers and workers, in lowly men and women, in periods of the Church's history. The "body of Christ" is a figure that the New Testament writers used exclusively of the church, never of Israel or any other group of believers. They had passed into a state which was one of rapturous ecstasy and joy. --- But St. Augustine and most others, understand the text literally; though the apostles had not this gift on all occasions, nor on all subjects, and therefore sometimes stood in need of interpreters. Here is an account of his death and sufferings, which they witnessed but a few weeks before. Nor in a formal repetition of pious expressions. [i.e, Spirit filling], [Note: L. S. Chafer, He That Is Spiritual, pp19-21.]. glossolalia [speaking in tongues] was a gift given by God, not primarily as a special language for worship; not primarily to facilitate the spread of the gospel; and certainly not as a sign that a believer has experienced a second "baptism in the Holy Spirit." 3. It is observed by Dr. Lightfoot, that as the division of tongues at Babel once introduced confusion, and was the means of casting off the Gentiles from the knowledge of the true God; so now, there was a remedy provided by the gift of tongues at Zion, to bring the Gentiles out of darkness into light, and to destroy the veil which had been spread over all nations. It may have a perfect creed and yet be loveless, lifeless, helpless. These were unusual situations, however, and not typical of Spirit baptism. Acts 2 - NIV: When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. The fire was kindled in them by this wind, and in sign thereof they spoke with their tongue (Psalm 39:3). We turn to the history that follows in this chapter, and we find almost identical phenomena. A GREAT OPENING HEAVEN. Also they all were filled with the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:4). [Note: Joel C. Gerlach, "Glossolalia," Wisconsin Lutheran Quarterly70:4 (October1973):251. 2. III. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, κατως το πνευμα εδιδου αποπτεγγεσται αυτοις, kathōs to pneuma edidou apophtheggesthai autois, καθὼς τὸ πνεῦμα ἐδίδου ἀποφθέγγεσθαι αὐτοῖς, ἐὰν οὖν συνέλθῃ ἡ ἐκκλησία ὅλη ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ καὶ πάντες λαλῶσιν γλώσσαις, ἐκείνως μὲν γὰρ τῶν ἀκουόντων ἂν εἴη μᾶλλον ἢ τῶν λεγόντων τὸ θαῦμα. Acts 4 (King James Version) 1 And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them, 2 Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. These tongues would not at this stage be compared with such phenomena as evidenced in the more extravagant Gentile religions. Rhet. 1. It was given primarily for an evidential purpose to authenticate and substantiate some facet of God"s truth. This sanctification was not merely sovereign or arbitrary from God, but consequent upon the entire self-consecration intimated in our note on, . The whole LAW. The sin-offering, the trespass-offering, the incenses, etc., represent the most sensuous and exhausting system of mediation? 1. A fuller discussion would belong to note on. (Vincent p. 449). 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