The large flower petals can also be eaten in salads. Approximately twenty to thirty species of Yucca are found in North and Central America and the Caribbean. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. [4] It has become naturalized along the Atlantic coastal plain north to Long Island Sound and into areas of the lower Midwest. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC Continue reading for more Adams needle information, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca plants. Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. Yucca is a representative of the xeric "Southwestern-accent" landscape plants (even though it is native to the southeastern United States). Entry From. No serious insect or disease problems. Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. Deer tend to avoid this plant. Yucca is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of Yucca. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Compost is recommended when planting. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 1). General Comments: [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Will form a small colony over time from basal offsets.Genus name comes from the Carbi name for manihot, also called cassava or yuca, which is not closely related but has similarly enlarged root structures.Specific epithet means with filaments or threads. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. Yucca filamentosa is a native species and can be found in several states in the United States. It develops a large, fleshy, white taproot with deep lateral roots. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE], Sp. Fruit are fleshy or dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth. Entry for Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE] Herbarium. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… However, the types of environment it needs is fairly consistent. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Y. filamentosa is readily distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the leaf margins. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. 1913. The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. Pl., 1: 319. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. 1753. Flora of North America, Vol 26, Names. Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … bracteata Engelm. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. In … Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. filamentosa translates as "with filaments," referring to the thready leaf margins. Description: Evergreen to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk. Can be propagated easily from basal offsets. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to … Yucca filamentosa var. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. NATIVE INFO Native Range. Britton, N.L., and A. The stemless rosettes of leaves stand proud on the ground. Borders. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_filamentosa&oldid=983678858, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Golden Sword' - similar to 'Bright Edge', but larger, 'Ivory Tower' - creamy white flowers tinged with green, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 16:27. It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: They range from relatively small, trunkless species to tall, branched trees. Like several other yuccas, Adam’s needle has thin, wiry curls or filaments on the leaves (hence the species filamentosa). Flowering Habits of Agave and Yucca Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. Moisture: Average to dry (Drought Tolerant) High Salt Tolerance. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. Dry slopes. It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. Also may be grown in large containers. 1753. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. 3 vols. Purpose. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. The leaf terminates in a sharp spine. Its striking texture will draw attention. Flora of North America. Florece a finales de la primavera o bien entrado el verano según la zona geográfica. Yucca filamentosa is native to south-central and south-eastern United States, from the great plains to the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic. Yucca filamentosa var. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperate and subtropical climates. Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. laevigata Engelm. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. Surprising tolerance for some part shade. Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. Summary Yucca Species: filamentosa Family: Asparagaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The Native Americans used it for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and soap. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). The plant blooms by growing a central spike up to 8' (2.4 m) high, covered with drooping, cream-colored flowers about 2" (5 cm) in size. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. This unique relationship is … USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10. Suitable for seaside gardens or areas which receive road salt runoff. This plant is most commonly found in sandy soils, especially in beach scrub and dunes, but also in fields, barrens, and rocky slopes, though it grows well also in silt or clay soils. Yucca filamentosa . Interesting Facts. Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove, as the roots keep sending up new shoots for many years. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should be classified as a single species. Family: Agavaeae. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. Yucca filamentosa var. [12][13] ‘Color Guard’, with broad yellow stripes all year plus red stripes in the winter, has also won the award. We love Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa) for its strong form, wide range of hardiness and dramatic midsummer flowers. [4], Its common names include Adam's needle, common yucca, Spanish bayonet,[5] bear-grass, needle-palm, silk-grass, and spoon-leaf yucca. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Resource Type. Yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate and cultural conditions. Flowers white or cream, bell- or cup-shaped, drooping, in tall clusters (panicles), most are heavily scented at night. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. [8][9] Other moth species, such as Tegeticula intermedia, also use this yucca as a host plant to lay their eggs. Tolerant of poor, sandy soils, heat, drought, and salt spray. Reference Sources. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Yucca Plants & Cold Temperatures. [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. Dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and Kansas. [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. Adds architectural height. Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. It is naturally a focal point in the landscape, also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens. Yucca filamentosa. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… Brown. Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Plants stay small, growing no more than about 3 feet tall. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Dry garden areas. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. In their inland range they are subject to hard frosts. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. Adam’s Needle A small evergreen shrub, Yucca filamentosa develops thick rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point. In late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, bell-shaped flowers. mexicana S.Schauer; Yucca filamentosa … Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. [15], The leaves, stems and roots of this plant can be used to stun fish. Treatment Author(s)