[2], On June 6/7, 1942, the Japanese Navy and Army participated in the only invasion of the United States during World War II through the Aleutian Islands of Kiska and Attu as part of the Aleutian Islands Campaign. British Prime Minister Churchill stated that sending forces to attack the Japanese presence there was a diversion from the North African Campaignand Ad… The southern portion of Adak Island, as well as most of the other islands in the Aleutian Island chain, is part of … Adak Island, Lupines at Finger Bay Creek. The Japanese forces on Attu, (430 miles from Adak) however, remained only within the range of the B-24 Liberators, although the P-38s could fly escort missions. The Navy will address the discovery either through Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit 11 at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, Washington, or through UXO-qualified contractors. In 1973 such contacts were again almost published and stopped only when contact information was matched, on advice by a visiting civilian expert who recognized the signatures, by NAVFAC people to one of the submarine's logs when that submarine put into Adak for a medical emergency. His C-53 had crashed into a mountainside near Naknek on 28 November 1942. [3], Headquarters, Eleventh Air Force was moved to Adak in August 1943 to provide operational control of the raids against the Kurile Islands. Allowed American forces to mount a successful offensive against the Japanese-held Aleutian islands of Attu and Kiska during World War II. Additional P-38s were flown in along with some P-39D Airacobras of the 42d Fighter Squadron which had been providing air defense for Kodiak. Construction and operations began in September 1942. "Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base", "Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS) History 1950 - 2010", "Naval Facility Adak December 1962 - September 1992", "Acoustic Detections of the Loss of the GOLF II Class Soviet SSB K-129", "Why Those Concerned in Russia Still Believe the USS SWORDFISH Collided With and Sank the K-129", https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1970a_ak-01.pdf, https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1980a_akABCD-01.pdf, https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-1-3.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naval_Air_Facility_Adak&oldid=990813902, Airports in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, Buildings and structures in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, World War II on the National Register of Historic Places in Alaska, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:21. In addition to the P-40s, several P-38 Lightnings were moved up to the new airfield. Get a detailed view of each base by clicking their name. Two Japanese light bombers were shot down over the airfield in full view of the construction engineers. The 250-mile distance from Adak allowed multiple combat sorties each day to be carried out, weather permitting. [3], With the second combat airfield becoming operational and within striking range of the Japanese garrison on Attu, the Japanese forces on Kiska were put into an untenable situation. American missions over Adak June 28-December 3, 1942 Immediately, they begin building Adak Airfield. The military continued their presence on the north end of the island and in postwar years the population peaked at about 6,000. Roads, ports, and airfields were improved or constructed to facilitate the transportation of troops and supplies. Adak is an island, the largest town on the island goes by the same name though it was formerly Adak Station, and is the southernmost city in Alaska. The U.S. established a military base on Adak in 1942 in response to the Japanese invasion of Attu and Kiska. (It’s actually the westernmost town in the United States.) Navy use of approximately 77,000 acres on the northern half of the island was authorized by a public land withdrawal in 1959. The Army began establishing a forward combat airfield (A-3) on the island. In a short period of time after the construction of … Situated in the western Aleutians, Adak Island is currently the western-most location in Alaska readily accessible to birders. [3], With the removal of Japanese forces from the Aleutians, the Joint Chiefs of Staff acknowledged the importance of the islands. Get a detailed view of each base by clicking their name. Military Base Contamination: The Facts: ... Adak Naval Air Station Adak AK. Fort Wainwright, Elmendorf AFB, and Fort Richardson are the largest bases in Alaska, each averaging about 6,000 military personnel. After World War II, Adak became a strategically important Cold War base housing over 6,000 people. During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army took control of two of the westernmost Aleutian Islands—Attu and Kiska—in the incorporated territory of Alaska, the first foreign enemy to occupy American soil since the War of 1812. It divides the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Houses line up in rows before the mountain at Adak Army Base and Naval Operating Base. The former Naval Air Facility (NAF) Adak is located approximately 1,200 miles southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Before the closure of the naval station, Adak was once Alaska’s sixth-largest city, with some 6,000 people. By the end of October, the Japanese had decided to pull out most of its garrison to Attu, which they believed was worth retaining, and began transporting additional units from Hokkaido to Attu and began upgrading their defenses. Several cargo ships and minesweepers were hit with the harbor facilities and float planes taking a considerable beating. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. On 1 July 1950, the Air Force transferred Davis AFB to the United States Navy who established an anti-submarine warfare base there. A very quick survey of the coast located a tidal marsh which had a firm foundation of sand and gravel beneath it. Adak flourished as a Cold War era Navy base. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military operations. Ordnance The Navy has aggressively investigated and addressed ordnance issues on Adak. In July 1995, Naval Security Group activity (NSGA) Adak was slated for closure under the Base Realignment and Closure Act and deactivated on January 31, 1996. I live in Anchorage and have visited Adak three times, including twice this year. the Air Force in Alaska. World War II had a major impact on Alaska. In 1950, Adak was commissioned as a naval station. The 415th was replaced by the 449th Fighter Squadron on 1 September 1947; later being re-equipped with new F-82H Twin Mustang interceptors and being re-designated as the 449th Fighter Squadron (All Weather) on 20 July 1948. The Japanese also attacked the American base at Dutch Harborby air. Your photos are marvelous. The video explores areas on the former Naval Air Facility Adak Island, Alaska. Credit: US Fish and Wildlife Service. Adak’s air base was a key player in the campaign that occurred in the island chain. 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