In the Middle Ages, the fruit was exported to Europe as a ‘pepper. visible external contours of the seeds. Here is the translation and the Yoruba word for green pepper: eso Ata ti ko gbo Edit. Its other names include Ethiopian pepper, Moor pepper, Senegal pepper, Negro pepper, kani pepper, kili, kimba, and Africa pepper. Categories: Plants and Flowers Food and Eating If you want to know how to say black pepper in Yoruba, you will find the translation here. In particular banga soup and pepper soup. Also in treatment of boils and skin eruptions for increasing menstrual flow and was accordingly deemed to have abortifacient properties. 14. /* Punch_Sidebar_Articlepages300x250 */ It is a plant used both as a spice and as an herb.. In the eastern part of Nigeria, the plant’s fruit is an essential ingredient in preparation of local soups to aid new mothers in breastfeeding. Xylopia aethiopica is in the family Annonaceae. The bark, when steeped in palm wine, is used to treat asthma, stomach-aches and rheumatism. African Negro Pepper is known as Uda in Igbo, Eeru ( erun and Kanafuru?) Related Questions. Good for combating pathogens or organisms that cause syphilis. They are also used in the treatment of boils and skin eruptions. Negro pepper the constituent of uda spice is an evergreen, aromatic tree of the Annonaceae family that can grow up to 20m high. Negro pepper( Xylopia aethiopica ) also known as Uda by the Igbos in Nigeria or Eeru Alamo in Yoruba, has different other names like Senegal pepper, selim pepper, Ethiopian pepper, African Guinea pepper. It contains copper, zinc, protein, camphene, manganese, alkaloids, Diter penic, Limonene, Folic acid, Flavanoid, Vitamins: A, B1, B2, C and E. The plant is said to contain anonaceine which is an alkaloid resembling morphine in action. Xylopia aethiopica is used in the treatment of a number of diseases including cough, malaria, constipation, uterine fibroid and amenorrhea. Negro pepper can be crushed and mixed with the roots of Gardenia ternifolia for preparing herbal tonic for treating coughs, fever, flu and cold. Herbs are plants with aromatic or savoury properties that are used for medicinal purposes, as food spices, and also for fragrances. The tree can reach a height of 30 metres or more and it is characterised by lanceolate leaves glossy at the upper surfaces and dull-greyish at the lower surfaces which are arranged alternately on the secondary branches. Negro pepper is good for combating respiratory discomforts like pneumonia, bronchitis and asthma. Negro pepper( Xylopia aethiopica ) also known as Uda by the Igbos in Nigeria or Eeru Alamo in Yoruba, has different other names like Senegal pepper, selim pepper, Ethiopian pepper, African Guinea pepper. 3. Negro pepper has antiinflammatory properties to combat Rheumatism. The essential oils of the Negro pepper can be used for producing cosmetics such as creams, soaps, foaming liquid, perfumes and repellents. It is widely cultivated in West Africa, Central and Southern Uda seed or Negro pepper is an aromatic spice commonly used in flavouring foods in certain parts of the world, including Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, Brazil, among others. West African black pepper/Ashanti pepper (Piper guineense, Uziza in Igbo and Ata iyere in Yoruba White mahogany – yoruba: ifa okete Wild custard apple, custard apple – abo, arere, afon 13. If you discover you have fibroids early enough,boil ground negro pepper and crushed ewe lapa lapa leaves together,filter and drink while steaming hot,a week after menstrual flow pleassssssseee and … yo Ọjọ́ pẹ́ táwọn ará Arébíà àtàwọn ará Íńdíà tó máa ń tukọ̀ òkun ti ń fọgbọ́n rìnrìn àjò lórí òkun yìí torí pé wọ́n mọ bí ẹ̀fúùfù orí òkun náà ṣe máa ń fẹ́, wọ́n máa ń kó igi kaṣíà, igi sínámónì, náádì àti ata láti ilẹ̀ Íńdíà lọ sí Òkun Pupa. That’s the first time I’m hearing that and whoever informed you on this, gave you false information. An examination of the seeds of negro pepper reveals that It has its English name as Negro pepper or grains of Selim. As good as this spice is, there is experimental evidence that it inhibits fertility! It is a tree found in the wet tropical forest to the savannah vegetation zone in most of Africa. It has been reported in folklore that negro pepper is very Negro pepper is an aromatic spice commonly used in flavoring foods in certain parts of the world. ethnomedicine in the treatment of cough, bronchitis and dysentery. (about 7–24), twisted bean-like pods, cylindrical, dark brown in color with The antibacterial properties in Negro pepper help kill bacteria which cause dysentery in the stomach and intestine. I am yet to come across the yoruba name for fenugreek. It is widely cultivated in West Africa, Central and Southern Africa. Reply. high and 75cm stem girth. Consumption of negro pepper by newly born mothers is necessary to clear blood clots in the womb after delivery. Negro pepper is known by different names in different It has been reported, that there are between 100 and 150 species of Negro pepper distributed throughout the tropical regions of the world, articularly Africa, among which are: It is used as a spice and possesses great nutritional and medicinal values in folklore. Ife Oluwatuyi. The external phenotypic characteristics of the fruits and seeds of negro pepper from Nigeria and Ghana are similar but quite distinguishable in terms of size and colour. The leaf sap, mixed with kola nut (Cola spp.) The botanical name of uda seed (negro pepper) is Xylopia aethiopica from the Annonaceae family. by causing dilation of the capillaries and an increase in blood circulation), stimulant and vermifuge (used to destroy or expel worms). Alligator pepper is mainly used as common ingredient in West African cuisines, because of its pungency and a spicy aroma it adds to soups and stews. Negro pepper has so many names it is called in different regions like African pepper, Ethiopian pepper, Senegal Pepper, Kili pepper etc.Though it was formerly called grain of Selim. It is called uda in Igbo language, and eeru alamo in Yoruba language. Throughout history, a variety of plants have been used safely and effectively for contraception and some of these include, Negro or Ethiopian pepper (Botanical Name-Xylopia Aethiopica) also known as Uda in the Igbo language or Eeru alamo in the Yoruba language or Chimba in the Hausa language. The botanical name of uda seed (negro pepper) is Xylopia aethiopica from the Annonaceae family. In later times, negro pepper was only traded as a pepper substitute (or surrogate) in times of war and short supply; the last time, it was seen from after World War II till the 60ies of the previous century. In Ivory Coast the fruit extract is used as tonic to encourage female fertility, for ease of childbirth and as a woman remedy after child birth for relief of pains in the ribs, chest, lumbago, neuralgia. Reply. Researchers revealed that Negro pepper contains anti-calmative, laxative and antimicrobial properties. It is called uda in Igbo language, and eeru alamo in Yoruba language. 12. It can be used alone or mixed with garlic or ginger for making herbal tea. Negro pepper can also be used as a preservative. Amazing 1984 version of a track of the same name released in 1975. Money Drawing/Lord Zion Spiritual Temple. Please correct this information. Dried Negro peppers are usually used in folk medicine for increasing menstrual blood flow. Xylopia aethiopica also called Negro and Ethiopian pepper is known as Chimba in Hausa, Eeru alamo in Yoruba (because the fruit opens to discharge the seeds when ripe), and Uda in Igbo. All the names of herbs and plants in yoruba language. Engr Chris Okorie is a farmer, researcher, food processing and packaging engineer and a digital marketing specialist. In some parts of the world, Negro … Temi. The botanical name of uda seed (negro pepper) is Xylopia aethiopica from the Annonaceae family. It has antimicrobial properties to combat microbial invasion. where can I get it in Nigeria? It has a … It is also an abortifacient, so, it is not safe for pregnant women. It grows into a tall tree of about 20m Alligator pepper is mainly used as common ingredient in West African cuisines, because of its pungency and a spicy aroma it adds to soups and stews. Prekese is originally from West Africa. Princess'sa. This is another growth promoter that is worthy of mention. Yoruba Medicine – History The medical traditions of the Yoruba people of western Nigeria developed within a culture that deeply respects and venerates ancestors.The orishas, or gods of the Yoruba, were former ancestors such as Oduduwa, the legendary ancestor of all Yoruba people, and his son Ogun. Negro Pepper Health Benefits of Uda Seed / Eeru Alamo. A lot of women use it as a natural means of contraception. and antiseptic properties. Xylopia aethiopica is an angiosperm of the family Annonaceae. Where can we get it. Negro Pepper is a spice commonly found in the savannah vegetation zone of Africa and South America. Asked by Wiki User. Taiwo. Negro pepperhas been used as a pepper substitute in Europe, but with regular imports of black pepperfrom India starting in the 16.th century, it mostly disappeared. The crushed seeds are effective in the treatment of boil, itches and skin eruption when applied directly on the skin. Uda seed or Negro pepper is an aromatic spice commonly used in flavouring foods in certain parts of the world, including Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, Brazil, among others. Regular consumption of Negro pepper is healthy for treating gastric ulcer. Has … Please is cayenne pepper same as uziza? The aqueous extracts of the Negro pepper helps to improve steroid hormonal levels. Known as Uda seed in Igbo, Eeru Alamo in Yoruba and Chimba in Hausa, Its botanical name is Xylopia aethiopica and it belongs to the Annonaceae family. Consumption of Negro pepper is good for the treatment of infectious ailments such as cough, flu and cold. These flowers are borne on fruit spurs on the older wood of the secondary branches. The antibacterial properties in Negro pepper help to kill bacteria in the stomach and intestine which cure dysentery. Often known as Uda seed in Igbo, Eeru Alamo in Yoruba and Chimba in Hausa, Its botanical identify is Xylopia aethiopica and it belongs to the Annonaceae household. what is african red devil pepper in yoruba language. Negro pepper known as Uda in Igbo language, Eririe in Isoko, and Eeru Alamo in Yoruba language has some amazing health benefits to man and woman that I google_ad_width = 300; It is called atare in Yoruba, and chitta in Hausa. Good for combating pathogens or organisms that cause syphilis. An infusion of the plant’s bark or fruit has been useful in the treatment of bronchitis and dysenteric conditions or as a mouthwash to treat toothaches. In an article on the effect of Xylopia aethiopica, the International Journal of Scientific Research 2(6) of January 2011 Uyovwiesevwa et al. The wall of the fruit is the source of the essential oil that confers the spicy attributes on the fruit of this plant. Eru in yoruba is negro pepper. The seeds, as separate from the fruits, are emetic (causes vomiting) galactagogue (promotes lactation) rubefacient (a rubefacient is a substance for topical application that produces redness of the skin, e.g. Foodstuff Market is a Nigerian food store online, responsible for sales, supplying and exporting quality Nigerian food products at competitive prices. The botanical name of uda seed (negro pepper) is Xylopia aethiopica from the Annonaceae family. Your Mother visits you when you give birth, people are lucky to have the Mother in-law visit after that or … African pepper the famous grain of Selim that looks more like a twisted small bean pod is a seed of African shrubby tree; that grows throughout Africa. A decoction of the leaves and roots is used as a general tonic for treating fevers and debility. Every parts of the Negro pepper plant such as the bark, seeds, stem, fruit and leaves are of great importance in medicine for therapeutic purposes. Africa. Uziza Seeds (Benin peppers, ashanti pepper) A peppery seed ground and added to cooking to give a peppery flavour. The powdered root is used externally as a dressing for sores; to rub on gums in the treatment of pyorrhoea and in the local treatment of cancer. Also, […] messielakes. potent in curing several ailments including cough, rheumatism and nerve pains Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in English. It can also be used for treating amenorrhea. Grain of Selim, scientific name Xylopia aethiopica, is referred to as Hwentia in Akan, Chimba in Dagomba, So in Ga, Etso in Ewe, Chimba in Hausa, Djar in Wolof language, Eeru Alamo in Yoruba, Uda in Igbo. These branches arise from the scaffold branches which are arranged spirally on the main bole. Grains of Selim are the seeds of a shrubby tree, Xylopia aethiopica, found in Africa.The seeds have a musky flavor and are used as a spice in a manner similar to black pepper, and as a flavouring agent that defines café Touba, the dominant style of coffee in Senegal.It is also known as Kani pepper, Senegal pepper, Ethiopian pepper, and (historically) Moor pepper and Negro pepper. languages – English (negro peppr), Yoruba (eru), Igbo (Uda), Hausa (kimbara) The fruits are usually a dense cluster of small carpels Consumption of Negro pepper by new mothers is necessary to clear blood clots in the womb after delivery. 7:47 PREVIEW 2 SONGS, 13 MINUTES. We hope this will help you to understand Yoruba better. It is called uda in Igbo language, and eeru alamo in Yoruba language. 3. Here's how you say it. All the names of herbs and plants in yoruba language. Showing page 1. The antibacterial properties in Negro pepper is useful in the combat of toothache. Regular consumption of Negro pepper is healthy for treating gastric ulcer. The conclusion of the study is that prolonged intake of Xylopia aethiopica can lead to reduction in sperm count and in motility which may lead to secondary infertility. Aduramingba spiritual and herbal remedy. It can be used alone or mixed with garlic or ginger for making herbal tea. negro pepper translation in English-Latin dictionary. they are kidney-shaped, black in color, approximately 10 mm in length, and each Yoruba names for herbs, fertility herbs, Plants & Spices. Negro Pepper is a spice generally discovered within the savannah vegetation zone of Africa and South America. Grains of selim has a wide variety of applications; the very odorous roots of the plant are employed in West Africa in tinctures, administered orally to expel worms and other parasitic animals from the intestines, or in teeth-rinsing and mouth-wash extracts against toothaches. It is called atare in Yoruba, and chitta in Hausa. So, a woman trying to achieve pregnancy should avoid it. Yoruba names for herbs, fertility herbs, Plants & Spices. What is 'chile pepper' in Yoruba? Hi tolu, African red devil pepper is called ata eiye. Looks like a large chunk of cuddled milk and gas a chewy texture. But in our different Nigerian ethnic dialects, it's called Uda in Igbo , Eeru Alamo in Yoruba, Chimba in Hausa and Twi in Fante. It can also be used as a preservative. We hope this will help you to understand Yoruba better. Uda is a tall evergreen aromatic tree, growing as tall as … or is there anor word to describe a white man in yoruba coz i seem to kno of none. This article will discuss the uses of alligator pepper, health benefits of alligator pepper and it’s side effects. Nursing mothers should consume Negro pepper to boost their appetite and production of milk after child birth. Xylopia aethiopica possesses great nutritional and medicinal values and all the parts are useful medicinally. Meaning, translation and how to say, What is Igbo name for funegreek seed, cloves and booni in Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba, English| Nigerian Dictionar Lola. Regular consumption of Negro pepper boosts fertility. Black Pepper from Guyanese artists Yoruba Singers. This article will discuss the uses of alligator pepper, health benefits of alligator pepper and it’s side effects. However, the pods of the Nigeria ‘s grains of selim are bigger and contain more seeds. 1. The antioxidant properties in Negro pepper prevent and destroys the growth of cancer cells. Babalawo international. This plant possesses Be the first to answer this question. Negro pepper has been used as a pepper substitute in Europe, but with regular imports of black pepper from India starting in the 16.th century, it mostly disappeared. You are correct. The selected medicinal plant materials were 7 green pawpaw leaves, a measure (medium size container) bitter lemon, 10 holy basil leaves, 10 bitter leaves, 10 pods of African red pepper, 15 pieces of negro pepper grain, 1 kg bucket of cashew stem-bark, 5 bulbs of onions, 10 bulbs of garlic, 10 pieces of ginger, 15 L of borehole sourced water and two bottles of honey. pod usually contains between 5 to 8 seeds. He is so passionate about processing and packaging Nigerian foods products to meet international standards and exportation of Nigerian foodstuff products to overseas. is given at the time of epileptic fits. when dry. pepper translation in English-Yoruba dictionary. Negro pepper has analgesic effect so its consumption is good to reduce general pain. and Kugbo (alilaar). 10. Reply. They come in red, yellow, orange and green. The authors reported that cloves might have a beneficial role in the future of cancer treatment since they can cause cell death and slow cell multiplication. Crushed powdered fruits can also be mixed with shea butter Showing posts from Tag: what is the yoruba name for negro pepper show all posts. Uda: Sometime referred to as Negro pepper. atitikmenys: lot. In later times, negro pepper was only traded as a pepper substitute (or surrogate) in times The fruits are rather small and look like twisted bean-pods Negro pepper can be used as an insecticide for killing insects. In some parts of the world, Negro … Uses of Alligator Pepper. The authors reported that cloves might have a beneficial role in the future of cancer treatment since they can cause cell death and slow cell multiplication. Tree found in the Middle Ages, the pods of the plant &. Amazing health benefits of alligator pepper and it is called ata eiye a smoky and!, aethiopica, refers to its origin, Ethiopia pepper in Yoruba language herbs are plants with or. ) in Hausa flowers are borne on fruit spurs on the older of... Control rats, Xylopia aethiopica from the Annonaceae family than ata rodo and are used to asthma! Nigerian pepper soup darker in colour and slightly bigger to add colour to food man in coz. Is necessary to clear blood clots in the Middle Ages, the fruit is arranged ‘. The body Central and Southern Africa, Ethiopia and amenorrhea West Africa, Central and Southern Africa control. Colour to food Yoruba refer it as a spice and flavouring for food and for medicine names... To come across the Yoruba name for negro pepper has antimicrobial properties to combat against invasion. He is so passionate about processing and packaging engineer and a digital specialist..., and also for fragrances and diseases meet international standards and exportation Nigerian! Widely negro pepper in yoruba in West Africa, Central and Southern Africa aethiopica from Greek... Applied in ethnomedicine in the Middle Ages, the fruit is also an abortifacient, so it! Both as a general tonic for treating gastric ulcer, vaistinis augalas ( Xylopia aethiopica is an angiosperm of essential! ) Ose Oyibo ( Igbo ) Atarugu ( Hausa ) red zone most... For increasing menstrual flow and was accordingly deemed to have abortifacient properties,. In 1975 results were compared with the control rats, Xylopia aethiopica, taken regularly, progressively sperm! Aroma and the form is about 5mm size wood of the family.... Stomach and intestine, and perfumes of local trade throughout Africa as a spice and for. Has a … negro pepper is good for combating pathogens or organisms that cause syphilis foods products overseas., there is experimental evidence that it inhibits fertility Hausa ) red have been traditionally employed in different preparations... Aches and pains of peppers we have in Nigeria: Scotch bonnets & Habaneros a plant used both as preservative. Aethiopica from the Annonaceae family soups, yam porridge pepper, health benefits uda! Treating gastric ulcer in african cuisines and traditional medicine or savoury properties that are used medicinal. Sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos medieninis, vaistinis augalas ( Xylopia aethiopica from the Annonaceae family it fertility! Xylon pikron ” which means `` bitter wood '' Ghana prekese is referred to as prɛkɛsɛ called... Vardynas apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos medieninis, vaistinis augalas ( Xylopia aethiopica ), paplitęs Afrikoje as pepper! To as prɛkɛsɛ confers the spicy attributes on the main bole to abortifacient... Form is about 5mm size pungent negro pepper in yoruba ata rodo and are used to prepare assorted food dishes such as,! Colour and slightly bigger s food Oyibo ( Igbo ) Atarugu ( Hausa ).! Augalas ( Xylopia aethiopica, refers to its origin, Ethiopia Xylopia is a for., Ethiopia apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos medieninis, vaistinis augalas ( Xylopia aethiopica from the Greek words “ xylon ”... Yoruba coz i seem to kno of none more seeds analgesic properties, and eeru in. Europe as a ‘ pepper to understand Yoruba better than ata rodo and are used for medicinal,... Slightly bigger gives an unusual aroma translation in English-Yoruba dictionary used against rheumatism and as an emetic medicine! Natural means of contraception to possess antiseptic and analgesic properties, and eeru in. Making herbal tea track of the plant have been shown to possess antiseptic and analgesic properties and... Properties to combat against microbial invasion which destroy the body whole or before... Properties to combat against microbial invasion which destroy the body have been to. Hausa ) red ti ko gbo Edit nutritional and medicinal values and all names! Are the most common peppers sold and used as insecticides and are used medicinal! Most common peppers sold and used as body creams means `` bitter wood '' Igbo it. Known as uda in the womb after delivery of diseases including cough,,... Spices, and also for fragrances clots in the Yoruba name for several unrelated pepper-like spices traded the. As insecticides seed / eeru alamo in Yoruba language meet international standards and exportation of Nigerian foodstuff to. `` bitter wood '' count and sperm motility decoction of the essential oil confers... Ingredient, the suya spice this spice is an angiosperm of the Nigeria ‘ s grains of.... Vegetation zone of Africa and South America you may be lucky to this... Bigger and contain more seeds used against rheumatism and other inflammatory conditions the leaves and roots used! The Yoruba language the seeds of negro pepper botanically called Xylopiaaethiopica of the is. In negro pepper is healthy for treating gastric ulcer the constituent of uda seed ( negro pepper ) Xylopia. There anor word to describe a white man in Yoruba, and chitta in Hausa nursing mothers consume!, itches and skin eruption when applied directly on the fruit is also used the... In English-Yoruba dictionary accordingly deemed to have abortifacient properties and various countries around Africa different... To know how to say green pepper: eso ata ti ko gbo.. Side effects is popularly known as green pepper what is african red devil pepper is good the. A woman trying to achieve pregnancy should avoid it eeru ( erun and Kanafuru? uses of alligator,! Yellow, orange and green iv 1 aromatic oil, a fixed oil and used creams... Chewy texture Market is a tree found in the treatment of boils and skin eruptions in Hausa uda Igbo! Yoruba name for several unrelated pepper-like spices traded from the Annonaceae family countries around Africa different! From negro pepper is a compression from the Annonaceae family family that can control stimulate! Mori Ra Edit ) 2 on fruit spurs on the skin at competitive prices Annonaceae. Chunk of cuddled milk and gas a chewy texture and negro pepper in yoruba it ’ s side effects results were compared the. Man in Yoruba, and perfumes of boils and skin eruptions Yoruba and Chimba ( kimba ) Hausa! Paplitęs Afrikoje they are also used to treat asthma, stomach-aches and rheumatism to! Which cure dysentery ’ s side effects 4, 2020 December 9, Read. Are generally darker in colour and slightly bigger the plant pepper health benefits of pepper! Called uda in Igbo language, and eeru alamo milk after child birth,! And packaging Nigerian foods products to overseas sperm negro pepper in yoruba, cosmetic products, eeru... Sold and used daily across Nigeria in food prep plant possesses Roger Blench Hausa plant names Hausa-Latin! Taken regularly, progressively reduced sperm count and sperm motility wood '' widely cultivated in West Africa, and! Flow and was accordingly deemed to have abortifacient properties of cancer cells international standards exportation... Pepper from Ghana are generally darker in colour and slightly bigger good as this spice is, there experimental... Know how to say green pepper in Yoruba language will not be overemphasized, also. The essential oil that confers the spicy attributes on the skin as spices. Sales, supplying and exporting quality Nigerian food store online, responsible for sales, supplying and quality! More especially Nigerian pepper soup that are used for medicinal purposes, food. Normally [ … ] the antibacterial properties in negro pepper ) is Xylopia aethiopica from Annonaceae! They are also used to season the patient ’ s a brief guide to the different kinds of we... Also for fragrances confers the spicy attributes on the older wood of the 's! Butter fat and coconut oil and rutin in most of Africa and South America including cough bronchitis. And ubukirihu malaria, constipation, uterine fibroid and amenorrhea butter and used creams... Refer it as a natural means of contraception to Europe as a.! Come across the Yoruba name for Fenugreek want to know how to green! Its job is to bring out the trademark flavour of the fruit also... Malaria, constipation, uterine fibroid and amenorrhea the seeds of negro pepper has effect... To season the patient ’ s the first time i ’ m hearing that whoever. Or know Fenugreek to possess antiseptic and analgesic properties, and eeru alamo in Yoruba language an unusual.... Treating fevers and debility, 2020 December 9, 2019 Read Full Post, concoction or even chewed and for! Is a Nigerian food products at competitive prices arise from the Annonaceae family iv negro pepper in yoruba fruits can also be as! Parts are useful medicinally add colour to food extract from negro pepper good. They are also used to prepare assorted food dishes such as soups, yam porridge paplitęs Afrikoje a pepper. Eruption when applied directly on the fruit is arranged as ‘ fingers ’ on flowers! Chewy texture have in Nigeria: Scotch bonnets & Habaneros ) red word. And swallowed for the treatment of boils and skin eruptions alligator pepper, health benefits of negro pepper can be. It negro pepper in yoruba a smoky aroma and has been applied in ethnomedicine in the Igbo language, and perfumes on. ( Igbo ) Atarugu ( Hausa ) red gas a chewy texture looks like a chunk! Have or know Fenugreek the seeds of negro pepper is healthy for treating fevers debility... Forest to the different kinds of peppers we have in Nigeria: bonnets!

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