Many times we find that it is our unbelief that keeps us from entering into that full rich life that God would have us to experience and to enjoy. Moses gave to the people bread from heaven (Exodus 16:15); Christ gave the people loaves and fishes in the wilderness, a figure of him who is the Bread of Life (John 6:31,49ff). I didn"t produce all these people and I"m sick of trying to carry them." Actually, three times within the text. The offering for sin and all, they are all pointing to Jesus. The inauguration of the Law of Moses and that of Christ had this in common: that three thousand souls were involved in each case, three thousand being lost at Sinai, three thousand being saved at Pentecost (Exodus 32:38; Acts 2:38ff). The old Israel is no more. So Paul is warning them . They came to Kadesh-Barnea in the beginning. Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all of his house. It is all pointing to Jesus. These words take up and illustrate the lesson of Psalms 95 which had just been quoted at length. And I said, They have not known my ways, so I swore in my wrath, "They shall not enter into my rest."". Moses a Servant in the House; Christ the Son. Moses brought only the patterns of things to come, Christ the realities. Why those long weeks of deathly silence, wherein even some parents speak no loving words of exhortation? [8] Brooke Foss Westcott, op. It promises joy, but delivers wretchedness, shame, misery, and remorse. Chambers was a dedicated Communist; but after he was enlightened, he gave a touching account of how that first ray of light penetrated his soul. Westcott said, "It is used by the Greek writers for firmness under torture; and generally for courageous firmness of character."[13]. They haven"t entered into that full, rich, abundant life of the Spirit that God has promised unto us. The quotation here is from Psalms 95:7ff and introduces the second of a series of exhortations designed to bolster the lagging faith of the Hebrew Christians and to warn them against apostasy, the warning being strongly reinforced by the appeal to the analogous falling away which took place in that generation which entered the wilderness after their deliverance from Egypt but were cut off from entering the promised land. For every house is builded by some man ( Hebrews 3:4 ); That is the idea of the effect and a cause. Again, the departing from God. The word is always used in the plural, and we should note that we never hear of “Saint So-and-So.” 1 All God’s true people are called saints or … [10] T. Brooks, The Biblical Illustrator (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1967), Hebrews, Vol. The Psalm is divided into two parts, the first (Psalms 95:1-7) being a warning against the disobedience; and it is the second portion of the Psalm which the author quoted. Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always err in their heart; and they have not known my ways. Resources » Commentaries » Hebrews » Chapter 3 » exegesis. This basic unity of God's heavenly establishment, changed though the covenant was, is attested by the deliberate judgment of mankind in binding both the Old and New Testaments into a single volume to form the Bible. In other words, God established His house, the spiritual house, through Moses. In a serious pathetic exhortation that this great high priest, who was discovered to them, might be seriously considered by them (v. 1-6). You go out and speak to the rock that it might bring forth water." Wherefore as the Holy Spirit saith, Today if you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of the temptation in the wilderness: when your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works for forty years. (5) The impulse to respond or obey may diminish or disappear. That lost generation of the Israelites suffered incredible hardships in the wilderness, being subject to the incursions of armed enemies, enduring hunger and thirst and wretchedness, being exposed to the sickening agonies inflicted by poisonous serpents, finding no certain habitation, marching every day of their lives in step with frustration, disease and death. The Jewish system, no less than the Christian, was divine in its origin; and many New Testament passages emphasize the connection of Old Testament references with that new Israel which supplanted the old (1 Corinthians 10:6,11; Romans 15:4; John 5:39; Acts 17:2,3). The common versions are therefore correct. There are many examples in all languages where such has occurred. You"re going to stay here in the wilderness until you all die and your children for whom you feared, they will be the ones who will go in and take the land. We would have been better to have stayed in Egypt." He was upset. In spite of the fact that the KJV translates this verse "believed not" instead of "disobedient," the English Revised Version (1885) is far preferable. Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. This verse is engraved in letters of stone over the principal portal of the Central Church of Christ, Houston, Texas. Because He is superior over the angelic beings being the Son of God. That Israel deserved to die instantly for their sin appears in the fact that God was ready thus to punish them but yielded to the intercession of Moses (Exodus 32:32). Unbelief is indeed a sin, damning and destructive enough; but it is followed by overt and willful actions against the laws of God, such actions being of themselves fatal to the receiving of God's approval, no matter if founded in unbelief, as Israel's were, or not. (See under Hebrews 3:8). See more on this under Hebrews 11:6. So there is the prophetic aspect to the writings of Moses that were fulfilled in Jesus. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, a. An additional implication in the meaning of the word "apostle" is that the person sending is greater in dignity than the one sent; and to make clear just what is meant by its reference to Jesus, the author of Hebrews uses the term "Jesus," that being the usual scriptural word where the human nature of our Lord is meant. Both wrought many miracles, signs and wonders. The Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. So we see, &c. — The conclusion we draw from the whole is, that they could not enter in because of unbelief — Though afterward they desired it. The author pointedly reminds his readers that the wilderness failure of Israel was on a national scale, supported by the overwhelming majority, and popularly led and advocated by the great princes of Israel (Numbers 13:3-16). So I swore in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest ( Hebrews 3:7-11 ). Why do not Christians exhort one another daily, as commanded? Here again, as in Hebrews 3:6, is given the necessity for believers to continue faithfully and enthusiastically "to the end"; what end? c. Both forsook the high status of their lives to perform a mission of rescue, Moses leaving the court of Pharaoh, and Christ leaving heaven. A noted research chemist, Thomas David Parks, said: Christians ought not to be ashamed of the argument from design; for here it is in the word of God itself, commending itself to the unbiased mind, and standing absolutely uncontradicted by any vaunted achievements of science. So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief ( Hebrews 3:15-19 ). "[11] The deceit of sin and also the deceit of the heart combine to visit ruin in people's lives. They should have the grace to accept the sentiments of an old motto once said to be over the gates of the University of Glasgow; "What do they say? 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