By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. After a lengthy convalescence he was recalled to active military service in October 1918. Vintage ERICH MARIA REMARQUE Arch of Triumph 1st edition HC 1945 Dust Cover. World War I played a crucial role in Remarque's evolution as a writer. The German novelist Erich Maria Remarque was born in Osnabrück in 1898. As such, he was among the first and most prominent German writers to address Nazi mass murder, the concentration camp system, and the issue of the population's culpability in these crimes, in such works as Der Funke Leben (Spark of Life) and Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben (published in English as A Time to Love and A Time to Die). Includes. Erich Maria Remarque (born Erich Paul Remark; 22 June 1898 – 25 September 1970) was a German author, most known for his anti-war novel All Quiet on the Western Front. Remarque wrote several other novels, most of them dealing with victims of the political upheavals of Europe during World Wars I and II. Remarque (born Erich Paul Remark) was born in 1898 in lower Saxony to a family of French ancestry; he enlisted in the German army at the age of 18 and headed to fight on the Western Front, where he was wounded five times, the last time seriously. Erich Maria Remarque was born in Germany in the year 1898 into a lower-middle-class family. Among the literary and political writings they threw into the flames were the works of Erich Maria Remarque. On November 11, 1918, the new government signed the armistice with the Allies, which ended the fighting. From 1933 onward, Remarque spent his remaining days outside of Germany, except for occasional trips made after the Nazi defeat in 1945. Switzerland’s administrative capital is Bern, while Lausanne serves as its judicial centre. Free shipping. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Glunz, Claudia and Schneider, Thomas F., eds. Liberals and socialists condemned the action, but the prohibition lasted until September 1931, when Laemmle produced a more censored version for German audiences. In contrast to many of his fellow German exiled writers, Remarque did not suffer a significant loss of fame or fortune when he left Germany. 1: California, edited by John M. Spalek and Joseph Strelka. 1929 Im Westen Nichts Neues (All Quiet on the Western Front), 1941 Liebe deinen Nächsten, (Love Thy Neighbor), published in English as Flotsam, 1954 Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben (A Time to Live and A Time to Die), published in English as A Time to Love and A Time to Die, 1956 Der schwarze Obelisk (The Black Obelisk), 1961 Der Himmel kennt keine Günstlinge (Heaven has no Favorites), 1962 Die Nacht von Lissabon (The Night in Lisbon), 1971 Schatten im Paradies (Shadows in Paradise). Kamla, Thomas A., “The German Exile Novel During the Third Reich: The Problem of Art and Politics,” German Studies Review, vol. The family was poor and moved at least eleven times during Remarque's childhood. THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW In response to these actions and conservative attacks on the film, the government banned the film. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Switzerland, federated country of central Europe. To the biographer and student of literature, Erich Maria Remarque, who has been called the "recording angel of the Great War," was an enigma, a man rife with contradictions and contrasts. After the First World War Remarque became a teacher and in 1929, his novel about his war experiences, All Quiet on the Western Front, was published in Germany. The novel, a lasting tribute to the “lost generation” that perished in the Great War, became an immediate international bestseller. To make ends meet, he gave piano lessons, served as an organist, and wrote theater reviews for a local newspaper. XIII, number 1 (March 1980), 60-82. In 1938, the Nazi government stripped him of his German citizenship. He returned to Osnabrück, where he finished his educational training. During this time, he published his first novel, Die Traumbude (The Dream Booth) as well as some poetry and other fiction. In 1939 he went to the United States, where he was naturalized in 1947. Eksteins, Modris, “War, Memory, and Politics: The Fate of the Film All Quiet on the Western Front.” Central European History, vol. Omissions? Returning to Germany after the war, he changed his name back to the French spelling and worked various jobsteacher, stonecutter, race-car driver, sports journalistwhile working on his first novel. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Though he lost much of his German-speaking audience when the Nazis banned his books, his novels, in translation, continued to find new readers in the United States and elsewhere. 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